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How Australia built a wall (and purchased it)

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SYDNEY – Think of it Australia’s naval wall.

It’s cloudy the amount Mr . trump is aware of how Australia treats refugees who arrive on its shores by boat. Though the program would probably get his approval.

In the three-and-a-half?years since launch of Operation Sovereign Borders, the “Lucky Country” has?turned?back rickety vessels and detained asylum seekers offshore in harsh conditions for the Pacific island of Nauru or Papua New Guinea’s Manus Island. Refugees who arrive by sea are banned from?ever settling in?Australia – without exception.

Critics (and some proponents) in the system voice it out is brutal by design, providing those fleeing persecution with a cruel but effective deterrent. And delay: In 2013,?300 boats carrying 20,587 people made it to?Australia. Only 1 year later, the quantity of boat-people dropped to?157. Since 2014, no boat has made it?through.

“On moral and ethical grounds We would express it is wrong to look at people with committed no offense, and treat them so badly how they?love to face persecution instead,” said barrister Julian Burnside, who works pro bono?with asylum seekers and campaigns against?offshore detention. “But be the fundamental logic than it.”

The U.N.’s human rights committee ruled?the fact that indefinite detention of refugees over?security concerns breached international law.

Whether Australia’s hardline system breaks international law is often a couple of heated debate in the united states – and abroad.

Conditions in Australian-run detention camps are notoriously harsh. Reports of self harm, allegations of medical negligence, illness, suicide, rape,?assaults at the hands of fellow asylum seekers, hostile locals and authorities?are commonplace. In 2009, the Guardian published?2,000 leaked incident reports from Nauru, including allegations of a guard?threatening to kill a kid and the other swapping sexual favors for really shower time.

    Australia’s?leaders?insist they?adhere to their?obligations, but the U . n . and NGOs?have differing views. In April 2016, the U.N.’s human rights committee ruled?that your indefinite detention of refugees over?security concerns breached international law?and?ordered the nation to produce?five those who were detained?for six years.

    Also in 2009, the U.N. Refugee Agency (UNHCR) called for the immediate change in asylum seekers out of the Manus Island and Nauru processing centers, labeling?them inhumane and “immensely harmful.” Amnesty International swallows a similar view. “Amnesty disagrees while using the government’s interpretation of the obligations under international humanitarian law,” said Australian spokeswoman?Emma Bull.

    Dumb and dumber

    And?this system comes at a price. Australia,?which in the ’90s considered itself something of the?deputy regional peacekeeper into the United States’ global sheriff, has lost most of its humanitarian good waiting on home and abroad. Faced with a flood of negative media reports?quoting doctors about conditions in the processing centers, the Australian government threatened?doctors and nurses with two-year prison sentences if he or she spoke out. (Authorities eventually caved into media pressure and amended the foundations.)

    And as there are the monetary cost.?Australia currently holds about 1,250?refugees in the?offshore processing centers, who typically have spent 478 days in detention. As you move the government hasn’t already?detailed the cost of the work, according to the Australian National Audit Office?holding the refugees costs over?405,000 (in close proximity to $440,000) per person each and every year. Electrical systems, the?Australian government estimates Syrian refugees that happen to be able to settle in Australia as part of its humanitarian intake cost it roughly 10,700 per person annually.

    Australia, which contains?a population of 24 million, has pledged to?settle?19,000 refugees per year on its shores, when they don’t arrive by boat.

    Because?Australia bans boat-arrivals?from selecting its shores, those that?are granted refugee status either can live in detention, settle in the community on?Manus or Nauru, or say yes to move to one third country.

    That leaves the country?begging or bribing others?to take refugees off its hands.

    Enter the?refugee resettlement arrangement?struck in November with then U.S. Barack obama, which Trump referred to as a “dumb deal”?on Twitter.

    The agreement is true for refugees already on Nauru and Manus, plus those chosen Australia temporarily for medical therapy. They can be qualified to apply for a one-off resettlement during the U.S., be more responsive to vetting by American authorities.

    The deal was away from the back of one other, struck in?September by Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull in a invitation-only summit hosted by Obama. Under that arrangement, known as something of advance payment, Australia accepted resettle?Central American refugees from?camps in Panama and nicaragua , and pledged over 92 million aid for displaced people around the world.?(Australia, who has?a population of 24 million, has pledged to?settle?19,000 refugees 1 year on its shores, when they don’t arrive by boat.)

    If the U.S. deal falls through, Australia should resort to its plan b: Cambodia. Beneath a pact?struck in 2014, Australia accepted?cash nation around 40?million to resettle its refugees. Unfortunately, the agreement with Cambodia is?- to loan Trump’s phrase – a dumb deal. A couple of years after that it was struck, only?five refugees have decided look at the country, and simply one?has stayed there.

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    Scalise to pass through ‘planned surgery’ linked to summer shooting

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    House Majority Whip Steve Scalise will undergo surgery on Wednesday because he continually endure last summer\’s shooting with a congressional baseball practice.

    \”I are already fortunate to produce tremendous progress during my healing from last June\’s shooting, and tomorrow I most certainly will undergo an organized surgery as part of my ongoing recovery process,\” Scalise (R-La.) said inside a statement Tuesday. \”I will fully engaged in my be I heal because of this procedure, i anticipate going back to the Capitol the minute I will inside coming weeks.\”

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    Scalise first returned to Congress in September after being shot inside the hip in a Republican congressional baseball practice in Alexandria, Va. The gunshot shattered bone and tore through muscles and organs, leaving the Louisiana lawmaker hospitalized for months after initially being in critical condition. The law, a congressional aide along with a lobbyist were also shot on that day.

    \”I appreciate many of the continued prayers as I move forward with my recovery, we carry on being thankful to your dedicated care I am receiving from my medical team,\” Scalise said.

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    Arkansas Rep. Womack likely next House budget chairman

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    Senior House Republicans vote Tuesday night to interchange outgoing House Budget Chairman Diane Black, who\’s stepping down to run for Tennessee governor.

    Most their very funds Rep. Steve Womack.

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    Several top Republican lawmakers and aides predicted Monday the Arkansas Republican, a senior individual in your ability to buy panel, would take charge from the committee that oversees topline government spending numbers. Womack enjoys close relationships with GOP leaders, has raised huge amounts of money to your GOP\’s campaign arm which is gung-ho for reducing mandatory spending – a belief that will win him support using the committee\’s fiscal hawks.

    But first, the 60-year-old, fourth-term lawmaker must beat fellow budget members Rob Woodall of Georgia and Bill Johnson of Ohio to clinch the gavel. Both men have been campaigning to the post promising to bring \”stability\” to your committee that should soon see its third different chairman prior to now year.

    That\’s a jab at Womack, who could exit the post the moment next season for your coveted subcommittee chairmanship about the more powerful House Appropriations Committee.

    "We\’re going to have experienced three chairmen in A year. This is a tough cycle," Woodall said in a interview Monday. "I wish to provide some long-term leadership. So I\’m all in."

    Whoever wins, the career of budget chairman defintely won\’t be a straightforward one. President Mr . trump and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell have panned the prospects of tackling entitlement reform or perhaps a partisan welfare overhaul in 2018. They\’ve also almost eliminated thinking about using budget reconciliation – the fast-tracking tool that lets Republicans avoid a Senate filibuster – to succeed partisan agenda components of an election year.

    That\’s unlikely to sit well with the more conservative House GOP conference, that\’s willing to cut spending at all possible.

    Rep. Tom Cole (R-Okla.) said no doubt that your Senate will be one of the greatest frustrations with the incoming House GOP budget chairman in 2010 – particularly given recent tensions between House and Senate Republicans.

    \”The Senate efforts to skip from doing budgets every election year,\” Cole said, adding that this Senate\’s narrow majority managed to make it difficult to pass an allowance even if it meant guaranteeing a filibuster-proof tax overhaul in 2010.

    Womack said yet wait hope for a unified GOP budget regardless if there wasn\’t any must-pass policy goal – like tax reform – driving a variety of Republicans towards table. But young drivers . vowed so your budget panel is on the very same page as House GOP leadership and acknowledged election-year dynamics can certainly make the post difficult.

    \”That\’s a messy destination to form of volunteer yourself for,\” Womack said on the budget chairmanship. \”But while i told my father this morning, I realize it is just a tough job and I know it will be unpleasant, and living might be miserable for awhile. When Soon we will be up here – I\’m in a position to bring it. Somebody\’s have to achieve this work, and I\’m prepared apply it.\”

    Technically, Woodall, who joined the committee his first day in Congress in 2011, outranks his two competitors and include the next in line for any gavel. He offers pitch the steering committee on several changes to the budget panel that he\’d make as chairman, including moving to the biennial budgeting and tweaking Congress\’ finances to align using the 365 days as opposed to the fiscal year.

    Woodall believes Democrats\’ hopes of reclaiming the House this season could actually are employed in the GOP\’s favor in relation to budget reforms.

    "There exists a real opportunity to perform some hard things inside of a bipartisan way that may not be possible if folks didn\’t believe that they had an attempt utilizing those tools for their own benefits," Woodall said, joking, "Folks can call me a Pollyanna if he or she want."

    Woodall also hopes to use the panels\’ budget-writing authorities get started on conversations on tough problems otherwise get little attention, like Social Security Disability Insurance or maybe the Highway Trust Fund. He believes that if little else, those talks could spur actual work through the House\’s other committees.

    Johnson, who first joined your capacity to purchase panel in 2016, touts most likely the widest-ranging relationships at home: He\’s part of the GOP whip team, the conservative Republican Study Committee, the moderate Tuesday Group along with the bipartisan group No Labels.

    Johnson, who keeps a low profile, was also a classic Trump supporters, making him amongst a smallish band of House Republicans.

    \”I have a very good working relationship across our conference, which is gonna be required,\” said Johnson, a 26-year Air Force veteran.

    He also argues bigger been doing hard budgeting his expereince of living, maturing for a mule farm, picking cotton without any indoor plumbing until he was 13.

    Womack, a previous mayor who spent Thirty years within the Army National Guard, is known as a front-runner thanks to his leadership experience. He sits over the deputy whip team and quite often exceeds dues on the National Republican Congressional Committee – something the property Republican Steering Committee takes into account when selecting chairmen.

    In March, Womack raised more than $30 million for that NRCC by organizing the dinner with President Donald Trump. He\’s also up for the Appropriations subcommittee gavel next Congress and sits for the steering committee, giving him a leg-up in reference to his whipping effort.

    Like many Republicans over the budget panel, Womack has admired Black\’s work with the 2017 budget because doing so tackled mandatory spending.

    \”One thing you\’ll be able to say with absolute certainty is the fact everybody recognizes that the concerns facing the nation with a fiscal position haven\’t much about discretionary spending and mostly related lack of with the spending ledger, mandatory, and we\’ll see increasingly more expenses related to entitlements with this country,\” he explained within a Monday interview. "In case you simply can\’t at the least start having that conversation about reforms in those areas, we carry on and pile incredible deficits and debt onto our children and grandchildren."

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    McConnell dances on Bannon's grave

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    \”Taking that counter-argument out of your game here clears the highway for just a very clear-eyed political technique of the season,\” said Scott Jennings, a Republican political strategist and former McConnell aide. \”Bannon will have dramatically complicated that.\”

    Jennings and various McConnell allies the party can consentrate on selling a still-unpopular tax law for the American public and picking up Senate seats in states President Donald Trump won in 2016. Towards the extent Bannon is blasting McConnell with his fantastic cohorts as corporate globalist sellouts, he\’ll be doing so as a much-diminished political force.

    The elation inside McConnell\’s camp weren\’t able to you have to be apparent. When McConnell assembled his leadership team on Wednesday for a new-year huddle, he focused first not on a looming government shutdown as well as recently-passed government tax bill – he celebrated Bannon\’s self-destruction.

    The president had released your firm stand out hours earlier disavowing Bannon, stating his former aide had "not only lost his job, he lost his mind" while he was fired. McConnell gleefully told his colleagues they had spoken together with the president moments earlier and told him: \”I couldn\’t have stated it better myself.\”

    But it\’s unclear how much of an aspect Bannon would\’ve gone through the nation\’s most acceptable Senate races, anyway. Several Republican vs. Republican battles will rage on without him.

    In just four months, a pair of Indiana GOP congressmen will settle their months-long clash inside a May 8 primary. A newly wide-open Republican field inside Ohio Senate race will be dependant in a few hours. Along with fierce primaries loom in Wisconsin, Nevada, West Virginia and elsewhere.

    Bannon\’s fall may deprive primary challengers of some oxygen and money. Nevertheless it doesn\’t change a main environment during which any tie to Washington or McConnell is usually poisonous.

    \”The Republican Congress has replaced Obama because bogeyman for conservative GOP primary voters," Senate Leadership Fund President Steven Law wrote after Moore beat then-Sen. Luther Strange in Alabama\’s Republican primary.

    Still, Josh Holmes, a highly regarded McConnell political lieutenant who\’s spent most of the autumn and winter on the warpath against Bannon, said the president\’s decision to toss Bannon aside will freshly unity the party\’s efforts.

    \”It repairs a divide that existed only owing to Steve Bannon,\” he was quoted saying. \”The party has largely been united – House, Senate, administration – and features been executing quite well since Bannon\’s departure from your White House. One exception fot it has long been Bannon\’s activities on the outside of.\”

    A Bannon spokesman didn\’t reply to a request comment.

    The majority leader will expend the weekend with the president and Republican congressional leaders at Camp David. He\’ll almost certainly stress for the group value of party unity, an idea inimical to Bannon\’s project to remake the GOP in their populist-nationalist image.

    McConnell, depending on two sources knowledgeable about his plans, will lie down his look at just what it normally takes for Republicans to reach the 2011 treacherous political atmosphere. Namely, a relentless look at selling tax reform because engine behind the booming economy.

    The hope of McConnell along with his allies at Senate Leadership Fund along with the National Republican Senatorial Committee is that often tax reform, along with the confirmation of conservative judges, can continue a restive GOP base from tossing two incumbents facing strong primary challenges. In Nevada, Sen. Dean Heller began airing ads in November. In Mississippi, Sen. Roger Wicker started airing spots right in front of Christmas. Both men face actual or expected Republican challengers.

    \”It\’s been a large year in Washington,\” Wicker says in the ad, since he sits with his wife before a Christmas tree. \”We\’ve delivered pro-growth tax cuts, confirmed conservative judges – probably the most throughout history – and slashed billions in job-killing regulations.\”

    Heller expires against businessman and perennial candidate Danny Tarkanian, who have won multiple GOP House primaries this decade. Wicker is likely to face state Sen. Chris McDaniel, who narrowly lost to Sen. Thad Cochran in 2014. Mainstream Republicans take both challengers seriously, and Bannon was set to back both Tarkanian and McDaniel.

    They\’ll now sure enough have to carry out without Bannon\’s expansive media presence and whatever funding he would\’ve gotten to generate from donors.

    But simply how much Bannon mattered in both races isn\’t certain. As they was hoping to build a political group, its funding sources and staffing were in the air. While Bannon had wants to run primary opponents against every GOP senator up for reelection except Texas Sen. Ted Cruz, the Breitbart chief was can not recruit challengers practically in most states.

    And as the limited public polling available shows Tarkanian giving Heller a race, Wicker provides a substantial lead over McDaniel.

    Former state Sen. Kelli Ward, a Bannon-backed candidate in Arizona, did play a role in chasing Sen. Jeff Flake into retirement. But she will be likely going to face establishment-backed Rep. Martha McSally from a GOP primary, and downplayed Bannon\’s role in their own campaign inside a statement.

    "Steve Bannon is of countless high-profile endorsements Dr. Ward has," Ward spokesman Zachery Henry said soon. "The daily parlor intrigue in Washington, D.C., does not even attempt to strengthen the lives from the hardworking people today of the country."

    But other GOP primaries have had little related to Bannon. In Indiana, Reps. Todd Rokita and Luke Messer, along with businessman Mike Braun, were attacking another since the summer. Bannon hadn\’t endorsed any candidate. In Ohio, where Republican Rep. Jim Renacci might enter into the Senate race following Treasurer Josh Mandel\’s decision Friday to decrease out, Bannon never endorsed Mandel or self-funding businessman Mike Gibbons.

    In Wisconsin, Bannon had backed businessman and veteran Kevin Nicholson over state Sen. Leah Vukmir, who may be beloved by grass-roots Republicans within the state. But Nicholson\’s primary backers are Club for Growth and Illinois businessman Richard Uihlein, with the exceptional cash supply won\’t suffer as a consequence of Bannon\’s downfall.

    A similar story is unfolding in Tennessee. While Bannon was supporting Rep. Marsha Blackburn, her backing from Club for Growth means she isn\’t dependent upon him for support. She raised $2 million from the fourth quarter, her campaign said today, compared ith former Rep. Stephen Fincher\’s $1.45 million.

    The only guaranteed loser from Bannon\’s blowup is Bannon himself.

    \”Steve Bannon\’s Fifteen minutes ought to be a case study as to what goes wrong with people once they put themselves through the causes they\’re saying to dedicate yourself to,\” Holmes said.

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